Consultation on increasing the NMPA to age 57
On 10 February 2021, and without much in the way of publicity, HM Treasury published a consultation paper entitled ‘Increasing the normal minimum pension age: consultation on implementation’. Through this consultation, the government has reconfirmed its intention that the normal minimum pension age (NMPA) will rise to 57 on 6 April 2028 to reflect increases in longevity and changing expectations of how long people will remain in work and in retirement.
The government believes that, as a matter of principle, the NMPA should remain around 10 years under state pension age, although there is no intention at this time to link NMPA rises automatically to state pension age increases.
Protection of existing scheme rights
The government is proposing a protection regime, meaning that an individual member of any registered pension scheme (occupational or non-occupational) who has a right under the scheme rules at the date of the consultation to take pension benefits at an age below 57 will be protected from the increase in 2028.
The protected pension age will be specific to an individual as a member of a particular scheme. Protection will not apply to other schemes where there was no existing right held, so an individual could have a protected pension age in one scheme where they have a right to take pension benefits at an age below 57, but for schemes where no such right exists the new NMPA of 57 will apply from 2028.
Accordingly, protection will only apply to those individuals who have an existing right within their scheme rules at the date of this consultation to take pension benefits before age 57. A member’s protected pension age will be the age from which they currently have the right to take their benefits. For members of a registered pension scheme (active, pensioner or deferred members) who do not have such a right, they will retain the current NMPA (age 55) until April 2028, from which point the NMPA will increase to age 57.
Individuals or schemes will not have to apply for a protected pension age, it will just apply as a matter of law.
Previous protected pension ages
The government recognises the special position of members of the armed forces, police and fire services and does not intend to apply the increase in the NMPA to individuals in those pension schemes.
Before April 2006 certain individuals who were members of approved occupational or personal pension schemes, or who had approved retirement annuity contracts, had a protected pension age of less than 50. Retaining this right to a protected pension age was specific to the scheme under which the member had the rights to payment of benefits before age 50 at the point the NMPA was introduced in April 2006. This was dependent on an individual having a prescribed occupation as set out in the regulations – for example, professional footballers. Protection in relation to those specified schemes will be unaffected.
Other points to note
- Individuals who do not have a protected pension age but take scheme benefits before age 57 after 5 April 2028 would be subject to unauthorised payments tax charges.
- Other than an increase in the NMPA, the government does not intend for the changes introduced in 2015 as part of the pension flexibilities to be affected.